Excerpts from the 2003 NCAA National Study on collegiate Sports Wagering and Associated Behaviors Executive Summary follow.
About 35 percent of males and 10 percent of females reported wagering on any sports events in the past year, in direct violation of NCAA bylaws regarding sports wagering. Overall, it is estimated that a total of 66,800 men and 12,500 women athletes engaged in some sort of sports wagering activity in the past year. Twenty percent of males and five percent of females reported wagering on collegiate sporting events in the past year. Less than five percent of males and one-half of one percent of females were categorized as problem or pathological gamblers.
Student athletes who gamble with bookmakers are wagering substantial amounts of money.
A University of Michigan study of Division I athletes determined that the mean amount of money wagered on a single sports bet through a bookmaker by student athletes was $57.25. Furthermore, the student athletes who gambled on sports with bookmakers were wagering an average of $225.00 each month. www.umich.edu/~mgoblue/compliance/gambling/summary.html